Podcast: teorie konspiracyjne i myślenie analityczne


  1. Bale, J. M. (2007). Political paranoia v. political realism: on distinguishing between bogus conspiracy theories and genuine conspiratorial politics. Patterns of Prejudice, 41, 45–60.
  2. Douglas KM, Sutton RM, Callan MJ, et al. (2016). Someone is pulling the strings: Hypersensitive agency detection and belief in conspiracy theories. Thinking & Reasoning, 22: 57-77.
  3. Dwyer, C. P. (2017). Critical thinking: Conceptual perspectives and practical guidelines. UK: Cambridge University Press.
  4. Dwyer, C. P., Harney, O., Hogan, M. J., & Kavanagh, C. (2016). Facilitating a Student-Educator Conceptual Model of Dispositions towards Critical Thinking through Interactive Management. Educational Technology & Research, doi: 10.1007/s11423-016-9460-7.
  5. Goertzel T. Belief in conspiracy theories. Political Psychology 1994; 15:731-742.
  6. Kahneman, D. (2011). Thinking fast and slow. Penguin: Great Britain.
  7. Mandick, P. (2007). Shit happens. Episteme, 4, 205–18.
  8. Newheiser, A.-K., Farias, M., and Tausch, N. (2011). The functioning nature of conspiracy beliefs: examining the underpinnings of beliefs in the Da Vinci Code conspiracy. Personality and Individual Differences, 51, 1007–11.
  9. Oliver, E.O. & Wood, T.J. (2014). Conspiracy Theories and the Paranoid Style (s) of Mass Opinion. American Journal of Political Science, 58, 952-966.
  10. Pennycook, G., Cheyne, J. A., Barr, N., Koehler, D. J., & Fugelsang, J. A. (2015). On the reception and detection of pseudo-profound bullshit. Judgment and Decision making, 10(6), 549-563.
  11. Simon, H. A. (1957). Models of man. New York: Wiley.
  12. Swami, V., Coles, R., Stieger, S., Pietschnig, J., Furnham, A., Rehim, S., and Voracek, M. (2011). Conspiracist ideation in Britain and Austria: evidence of a monological belief system and associations between individual psychological differences and real-world and fictitious conspiracy theories. British Journal of Psychology, 102, 443–63.
  13. Swami, V., & Furnham, A. (2014). Political paranoia and conspiracy theories. Power, politics, and paranoia: Why people are suspicious of their leaders, 218.
  14. Swami, V., Voracek, M., Stieger, S., Tran, U. S., & Furnham, A. (2014). Analytic thinking reduces belief in conspiracy theories. Cognition, 133(3), 572-585.
  15. van Prooijen, J. W. (2012). Suspicions of injustice: The sense-making function of belief in conspiracy theories. In E. Kals & J. Maes (Eds.), Justice and conflict: Theoretical and empirical contributions (pp. 121–132). Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.
  16. van Prooijen, J. W., & Jostmann, N. B. (2013). Belief in conspiracy theories: The influence of uncertainty and perceived morality. European Journal of Social Psychology, 43(1), 109-115.
  17. 10 Ways to Spot Fake News [WWW Document], n.d. . Psychology Today. URL https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/thoughts-thinking/201910/10-ways-spot-fake-news (accessed 5.12.20).
  18. Andrade, G., 2020. Medical conspiracy theories: cognitive science and implications for ethics. Med Health Care Philos 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11019-020-09951-6
  19. Barron, D., Furnham, A., Weis, L., Morgan, K.D., Towell, T., Swami, V., 2018. The relationship between schizotypal facets and conspiracist beliefs via cognitive processes. Psychiatry Res 259, 15–20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2017.10.001
  20. Bost, P.R., Prunier, S.G., 2013. Rationality in conspiracy beliefs: the role of perceived motive. Psychol Rep 113, 1130–1140. https://doi.org/10.2466/17.04.pr0.113x17z0
  21. Bost, P.R., Prunier, S.G., Piper, A.J., 2010. Relations of familiarity with reasoning strategies in conspiracy beliefs. Psychol Rep 107, 593–602. https://doi.org/10.2466/07.09.17.PR0.107.5.593-602
  22. Jakovljević, M., Ostojić, L., 2016. Science and Pseudoscience in Medicine: Evidence-Based vs. Evidence-Biased Medicine. Psychiatr Danub 28 Suppl 2, 186–190.
  23. Jasinskaja-Lahti, I., Jetten, J., 2019. Unpacking the relationship between religiosity and conspiracy beliefs in Australia. Br J Soc Psychol 58, 938–954. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjso.12314
  24. March, E., Springer, J., 2019. Belief in conspiracy theories: The predictive role of schizotypy, Machiavellianism, and primary psychopathy. PLoS One 14. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0225964
  25. (PDF) Maybe Free Thinker but not a Critical One: High Conspiracy Belief is Associated With low Critical Thinking Ability [WWW Document], n.d. URL https://www.researchgate.net/publication/339116716_Maybe_Free_Thinker_but_not_a_Critical_One_High_Conspiracy_Belief_is_Associated_With_low_Critical_Thinking_Ability (accessed 5.12.20).
  26. Pennycook, G., Ross, R.M., Koehler, D.J., Fugelsang, J.A., 2016. Atheists and Agnostics Are More Reflective than Religious Believers: Four Empirical Studies and a Meta-Analysis. PLoS ONE 11, e0153039. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153039
  27. Propagating and Debunking Conspiracy Theories on Twitter During the 2015–2016 Zika Virus Outbreak | Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking [WWW Document], n.d. URL https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/full/10.1089/cyber.2017.0669 (accessed 5.12.20).
  28. Swami, V., Coles, R., Stieger, S., Pietschnig, J., Furnham, A., Rehim, S., Voracek, M., 2011. Conspiracist ideation in Britain and Austria: evidence of a monological belief system and associations between individual psychological differences and real-world and fictitious conspiracy theories. Br J Psychol 102, 443–463. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8295.2010.02004.x
  29. Swami, V., Furnham, A., Smyth, N., Weis, L., Lay, A., Clow, A., 2016. Putting the stress on conspiracy theories: Examining associations between psychological stress, anxiety, and belief in conspiracy theories. Personality and Individual Differences 99, 72–76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2016.04.084
  30. Swami, V., Voracek, M., Stieger, S., Tran, U.S., Furnham, A., 2014. Analytic thinking reduces belief in conspiracy theories. Cognition 133, 572–585. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2014.08.006
  31. Uscinski, J.E., Parent, J.M., 2014. American Conspiracy Theories. Oxford University Press.
  32. van Prooijen, J., 2017. Why Education Predicts Decreased Belief in Conspiracy Theories. Appl Cogn Psychol 31, 50–58. https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.3301
  33. van Prooijen, J.-W., van Vugt, M., 2018. Conspiracy Theories: Evolved Functions and Psychological Mechanisms. Perspect Psychol Sci 13, 770–788. https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691618774270
  34. Wood, M.J., Douglas, K.M., 2015. Online communication as a window to conspiracist worldviews. Front Psychol 6, 836. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00836

Published by


Third-year medical student at the University of Turin in Italy. BSc in Biological & Medical Sciences from the University of Liverpool. Worked in Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, and Candiolo Cancer Research Institute. Currently volunteering at the Refugee Clinic in Turin.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s